Who is at risk

Heart attack: take care of the heart.

A heart attack has long ceased to be a lot older. modern life The reality is that very often a heart attack in a hospital bed puts people energetic and active, barely stepped 40-50-year milestone. Why heart «broken»? can you protect yourself and your loved ones from a heart attack and what to do if you still trouble came?

Who is at risk?

The risk of myocardial infarction increases significantly with age, and generally men suffer from it after the age of 40-45 years, although cases of heart attack and observed at a young age in recent years. In this respect, a woman’s body is more protected, since the hormones-estrogens protect their heart and blood vessels from damage. After menopause, alas, in women, the risk of myocardial infarction is equalized with that of men. Myocardial infarction — is, in fact, wound, necrosis (necrosis) of a portion of the heart muscle due to a sudden loss of blood supply.

The reasons for such a formidable cardiovascular disease is thrombosis or spasm of the coronary arteries. In acute myocardial infarction may develop severe heart failure, arrhythmias, cardiac, or heart attack. major prerequisite for the development of the disease is atherosclerosis of the coronary vessels, resulting in heart attack occurs, usually aged 40-60 years.

Of blood clots in the blood vessels in addition to spasm and atherosclerosis contribute to a hereditary predisposition to cardiovascular disease, functional overstrain infarction and neuro-psychological overload.

Widespread atherosclerosis — the main risk factor for the defeat of the heart muscle as a result of spasm or blockage of an artery by a thrombus.

Prolonged hypertension leads to thickening of the myocardial wall, which increases the need for oxygen and reduces serdtsav stamina of the heart muscle relative to the oxygen shortage. Hypertension also accelerates the development of atherosclerotic vascular lesions.

Overweight, obesity, metabolic syndrome provoke accelerated development of atherosclerosis, and as a result, — hypertension, diabetes.

Alcohol abuse: proven a direct relationship between the intake of a large dose of alcohol and acute attack of angina pectoris or heart attacks.

Smoking — causes persistent narrowing of the coronary arteries and chronic oxygen starvation of the myocardium.

Physical inactivity: impairs the body’s metabolism is one of the causes of obesity and reduce the functional endurance of the heart muscle.

Poor nutrition and abuse of drinks with caffeine. An excess amount of salt in the food, sugar, confectionery
products, fatty foods leads to obesity, elevated levels of bad cholesterol in the blood. Drinking plenty of strong coffee and tea increases myocardial oxygen demand, causing cardiac insufficiency of blood flow, especially in people who suffer from atherosclerosis that can cause angina and heart attack.

Signs of myocardial infarction.

Continued strong, eh burning in the heart, in the chest, which is not stopped by nitroglycerine preparations.
The pain may be given in the area of the shoulder blades, neck, left shoulder, the lower jaw. Sometimes it occurs in the abdomen, and then the development of a heart attack can be confused with any disease of the abdominal cavity.
If the patient has long suffered from diabetes, the pain even infarct may be mild. This is because collapse diabetic nerve fibers and pain impulses are much worse.
Cardiac arrhythmias, tachycardia, severe weakness.
Feeling of anxiety, restlessness, expressed the fear of death.
Increased allocation of cold, sticky sweat.
Shortness of breath, cough, feeling short of breath.
Dizziness, flies and circles before the eyes, loss of consciousness.

Attack Pain

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