Whitlow. Small wound — big impact.

The literal translation of the Latin term panaricium — whitlow. This term currently denotes acute purulent inflammation of the finger tissues.

At the finger with edema, the skin acquires a pinkish-red hue. There is aching, recurring pain, deprived of sleep. Sometimes the temperature rises. The skin ulcer is visible covered with a thin film.

As a rule, a criminal offense is the result of small wounds, abrasions on the skin of a finger or nail bed. Infection (usually streptococci and staphylococci) penetrates a small wound. Depending on where the inflammatory process develops. Distinguish between skin, nail, subcutaneous, tendon, bone and joint forms of the disease. Most often the subcutaneous terminal phalanx of the limb.

How does a felon, and what is its danger?

To more clearly imagine what is unpleasant disease and what is its danger. It is necessary to consider the anatomy of the human hand.

Why does an infection inscribed with a needle or spike under the skin can lead to serious complications up to amputation of the fingers?

The fact is that there is a rather thick layer of subcutaneous tissue on the palm. It is penetrated by fibrous bunches which come to an end with phalanxes. Therefore, the subcutaneous tissue of the finger has a honeycomb structure.

If the wound becomes infected or scratched. It will extend vertically, in depth, in the direction of the tendons, joints or bones. Each tendon is surrounded by a thin, dense sheath — tendon sheath.

Inflammation may also develop. Tendonal vagina large and little finger, continuing on the forearm. Communicate with each other. That is why sometimes the inflammatory process with the thumb extends to the little finger.

This does not occur on the 2nd, 3rd and 4th fingers. Their tendinous sheaths end in blind bags. In places where there are joints, ligaments are thinner. Therefore, with purulent tumors, tendon sheaths appear predominantly in the joints.

Exudate accumulates. First serous, then purulent, constricting the blood vessels that feed the tendon. Necrosis occurs.

If you do not take the necessary therapeutic measures within 36-48 hours. The finger function cannot be saved. If inflammation passes to the subcutaneous tissue of the skin. This may be one of the serious complications of cellulitis — an abscess. When blood vessels are clogged with purulent thrombi. There is a threat of gangrene — necrosis of individual phalanges.

In advanced cases, to save the life of the patient. Sometimes resorted to at least to — amputation of the fingers. Small wounds, scratches or regular teeth can lead to such serious consequences!

Treatment purulent felon step consists in applying moist heat.

Pin is lowered to the maximum hot water in which is dissolved salt and baking soda (approximately 3-5% solution). The procedure was repeated for 10-15 minutes every hour, only 2-4 times.

Between finger hot tubs or treated with an alcohol solution Dimexidum (30-50%).
Then impose on the finger wipe with diluted ethyl alcohol and put on a rubber fingertip. If there is pus, the felon from this treatment takes place in a few hours.

At the beginning of suppuration need other tools to help ripen the abscess and pus to go out.

When panaritiums effective aloe leaves. Fleshy leaves washed, cut in half, to make pulp to the wound, carry out this procedure at night.

One of the most effective ways to treat felon is the treatment of onions.
It should be clear from the husk of a medium-sized onion, then it needs to be cut into two halves and bake in the oven. As a result, it should be soft. Or you can cook the onion in the milk, put it on the abscess and tightly bandaged finger using a bandage. Therapeutic bandage needs to be changed every 5 hours.


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