Tonsils: remove or treat?

Angina all sick people. At least once in your life, this illness befall each, and some suffer from them several times a year. Sore throat with angina is a bacterial cause.
Streptococci are deposited on tonsils, causing inflammation and swelling them. Strep throat can result in a general blood poisoning and even suffocation. Very often, the only way to stop the repeated sore throats — to remove the tonsils.

What are tonsils?

This lymph formation in the throat. In form they resemble almond nuts, hence their second name: the amygdala.
Tonsils — part of the immune system. They fight infections. In fact, it is the same lymph nodes in other parts of the body, such as under the arms or in the groin. But because the glands are located at the entrance into the respiratory system, they inflammation is fast becoming a problem.

The increase in the glands can become a hindrance to breathing and swallowing. Children with chronic inflammation of the tonsils bad sleep until late age wet the bed, suffer impaired concentration, are stunted. Adults often suffer from angina, skipping work and school, complain of bad breath, not fend brushing and rinsing … The question of the need for surgery.

Points for and against».

By surgery should be approached carefully, weighing all the «pros» and «cons». There are four reasons for which should get rid of tonsil:

a person has strep throat more than 4 times a year;

on the background of chronic tonsillitis occur pathological processes (rheumatism, kidney disease, liver);

angina complicated by the development of abscesses, inflammation goes beyond the tonsils;

There is no effect in the treatment of chronic tonsillitis conservative methods (physiotherapy, washing glands, immune drugs intake).

It is also important to remember that the main complication, which results in chronic tonsillitis, — the risk of rheumatic fever in the future.

Acute pyelonephritis or glomerulonephritis, developing in the body, and the work of streptococcal infection, which destroys the glands inside. Most of dermatoses, arising due to lower active immunity — it tonsil inflammation of hands, as well as neurodermatitis, weeping eczema, and autoimmune diseases.

As the operation is performed?

The operation is performed under general anesthesia and lasts from half an hour to an hour. There are several techniques of tonsillectomy.

Cold appliances: doctor separates the tonsils using a metal spoon. This occurs when the bleeding stopped electric cauterizing device.

Diathermy: the tonsils are removed the electric knife, which simultaneously cauterize the affected tissue and stops bleeding.

Koblyatsiya: tonsils removed using cold plasma unit. This gentle operation, after the less developed bleeding and sore throat.

Using mikrodebridera: this unit destroys the removed tissue and sucks debris.

It is believed that after the operation the general immunity deteriorates as the amygdala — part of the immune system. This is not true. Tonsils — so small it part, that their removal does not affect the protective forces of the organism.

After removal of the glands to change the tone of voice. The white plaque in the throat in the former tonsillectomy is not a sign of inflammation, and does not require treatment. This protein fibrin, it is accompanied by the formation of wound healing.

What can be complications?

The main complication — bleeding during the first week after surgery.
In this case, you should immediately pokazatcya doctor and he will decide: leave you in the hospital for observation, or spend moxibustion vessels.
Sometimes the first day of nausea — a reaction to the anesthetic agent.

This is a temporary phenomenon. In some patients, after surgery a little fever, but should worry only when the temperature is above 38 ° jumps or drops greater than 2 days, in which case you need to see a doctor.

Another dangerous condition — dehydrated. The child should drink plenty of fluids, preferably cold water. Young children often refuse to drink because swallowing pain worse. If the child does not drink more than a day, you need to go to the doctor.
Most likely, the liquid will have to be administered intravenously.

The first week after surgery, any physical activity is contraindicated. But after a week in the absence of pain in the throat, you can return to normal — to go to school, work and even play sports.



You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.