Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis — a disease of nerves exposed.

multiple sclerosis treatment

Multiple sclerosis is one of the most complex and serious diseases of the nervous system. A feature of the disease is alternating periods of exacerbation and remission.

Normally, most of the nerves in the body is covered with an insulating sheath of a fat-like substance — myelin, which provides an efficient and accurate transmission of electrical signals to organs (nerve impulses). When scattered sclerosis, this protective myelin sheath inflammation due partly destroyed, causing a «short circuit» the passage of nerve pulses and, consequently, different pathological neurological symptoms.

Foci destruction of myelin, the white matter of the brain and spinal cord — plaque size may be from several millimeters to centimeters. At the same time accumulate lesions in more than one place, and alternate with the healthy portions of the nerve tissue — that is, they «scattered».
The plaques in multiple sclerosis trigger an autoimmune response that leads to scarring of the myelin layer. The term «sclerosis» refers to scar, as the connective tissue is formed at the site of the lesion. The same processes occur in atherosclerosis occurs.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) — a fairly common disease, patients with this diagnosis a lot and their number continues to grow. Women suffer from this disease more often than men.

The exact causes have not yet been clarified

multiple sclerosis treatment

It is thought that MS may develop as a result of a combination of internal and external adverse factors, such as:
• transferred serious bacterial and viral infections
• exposure to radiation and toxic substances
• surgery and injuries
• the effects of ultraviolet radiation
• frequent stress
• geographical location of residence (cold zones
climatic conditions)
• Genetic predisposition — probably due to a combination of several genes that determine violations of immune system.

Symptoms of multiple sclerosis

In MS, there is a set of symptoms is due to the fact that sclerotic plaques occur in various areas of the brain and spinal cord.

Alarms onset of the disease:

multiple sclerosis treatment

• violations of coordination, unsteady gait uncertain, problems with balance
• tremor (shaking) hands, the feet, the whole body.
The difficulty in the letter, hold the hands of a subject, sometimes the inability to bring the spoon to his mouth.
• reduction or loss of sensation in the hands and feet, muscle weakness with numbness, tingling and pins and needles in the skin.
• weakening or disappearance of some reflexes, particularly abdominal
• damage to the optic nerve:
blurred vision, blurred objects, double vision, nystagmus (rapid eye movements), optic neuritis, which can result in complete blindness
• paresis of the facial and trigeminal nerve — skewing the face, mouth, eyelids nesmykanie
• mental disorders — reduced intellectual ability, emotional instability, depression, or vice versa — the euphoria, loss of self-criticism
• seizures
• disorders of bladder function, impotence, menstrual irregularities
• chanted (divided into syllables, slow speech).

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multiple sclerosis

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