Migraine: who is to blame and what to do?

Relief for migraine headaches.

Migraine: who is to blame and what to do?
One of the serious diseases associated with vascular disorders, migraine is. Migraine attacks manifested throbbing headache, often in the frontal, temporal and orbital areas. According to different authors, migraine affects up to 20% of the world population. More than half of patients with migraine begins in adolescence, often at puberty. Negotiability about migraines increases sharply in 20-25 years, remains at that level until 40 years and slowly decreased to the elderly.

All forms of migraine have some common characteristics: a genetic predisposition, bouts of throbbing pain accompanying vegetative symptoms. But every form of migraine and match the features.

Migraine is divided into the following form:
Easy, ophthalmic associated.

Common migraine is characterized by the fact that the majority of patients the harbingers of a headache:
as mood changes, which may be accompanied by depression, fear, irritability, anxiety, tearfulness;
there is yawning, changes appetite, thirst.

Headache often occurs during sleep, in the morning or after waking up. The pain is throbbing, arching, its intensity increases
for several hours, enhanced by bright light, loud noise, noxious fumes, while driving, the low position of the head. Usually headaches attack lasts from several hours to several days. Throbbing headache is replaced by a feeling of painful fullness, squeezing, accompanied by dizziness and nausea, sometimes there is repeated vomiting. By the end of the attack joins increased urination.

The frequency of migraine attacks is different, individual, depends on the emotional stress from physical stress, the attacks do not occur at the height of stress or physical exertion, and some time later.
During pregnancy, migraine such retreats.

For ophthalmic migraine is characterized by visual disturbances:
the patient sees the glittering point, the balls of fire figure flash. It increases the intensity of symptoms within a few seconds or minutes. And if visual disturbances occur in the right half of the visual field, the headache
It is localized on the left, and vice versa. After the visual symptoms occur throbbing pain in frontotemporal-orbital region, which is growing for 30-90 minutes, accompanied by nausea, sometimes vomiting, pallor of the skin. The average duration of the attack about 6 hours, often repeated attacks, followed by a long, lucid intervals. In the first half of pregnancy, this headache is usually worse.

For associated migraine is characterized by temporary numbness in the mouth angle
and wrist, speech and vision, dizziness, tinnitus, teeter
when walking, pain in the heart and in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, general weakness.

The factors that trigger migraines.
Usually, migraine attacks are stressful. Of particular significance are negative emotions. For migraines also cause:
prolonged sleep disturbances, changes in atmospheric pressure and weather. Most migraine attacks occur with the seasons — the transition from autumn to winter and from winter to spring. Matter error in the diet. It is known, for example, cheese, meats, red wine, chocolate by extractive and other substances in their composition, can cause a migraine attack. Attacks of the female half of humanity tend to occur during puberty, as well as on a monthly basis during the premenstrual period.

How to overcome the headache

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