Gouty arthritis.

Gouty arthritis.

Gouty arthritis is a disease of the joints. The disease occurs in the case of a violation of the metabolism of uric acid in the body. Its crystals are deposited in the joints and tendons, kidneys and other tissues, causing their inflammation and distortion of the structure. Gout is more common in men aged 35-60 years. At women — in 55-60 years. Gouty arthritis depends on the metabolic disorders in the body.

Gouty arthritis.

Contributing factors of gouty arthritis:
— Systematic overeating meat;
— Alcohol abuse;
— Kidney disease, hypertension;
— A sedentary lifestyle, obesity;
— Heredity;
— Taking certain medications;
— Hypothermia.

Gouty arthritis.

In some diseases (congenital and acquired heart diseases, some types of leukemia, lead poisoning, taking diuretics, aspirin (for the prevention of stroke and heart attack), Riboxinum etc.) Gout is secondary.

With gout in a large amount of blood uric acid. Purine compounds are produced in excess quantities or slowly develop. There can be a combination of these processes. These acid crystals precipitate in the form (urates) in the joints, tendons, kidneys.

Under the skin, during an exacerbation of the disease, small (up to 1 cm in diameter) small nodules — tofi are formed. It is the accumulation of urate salts, which are surrounded by a capsule of connective tissue. Most processes affect the joints. These are usually thumbs (often only one), sometimes hands. Shoulder and hip joints with gout are rare.

If the exacerbation of the disease, then the arthritic arthritic joints are greatly inflated, the skin temperature becomes violet. The patient feels very strong pain. At the same time there is a fever, a chill. Gout is often aggravated by suddenness, often by night. The average attack lasts from 2 to 7 days, sometimes even without treatment.

Gouty arthritis.

Sometimes bursitis can occur in the knee and elbow joints. In 10% of patients after the first attack of gout is observed long-term (up to 10 years or more) in remission, the rest — recurrences 2-3 times a year.

Each number should begin the process involved in the joints can grow and seizures — to become longer and heavier. single tophi or multiple of the hands and feet, as well as under the skin on the ears and on the back surface of the elbow joints indicate chronic gout, since they tend to occur at least 3-5 or more years after the first gouty attack.

Tophi often formed not only under the skin, but also in the kidney and other internal organs.

Gouty arthritis is often combined with diabetes, hypertension, obesity. In 20-40% of patients suffering from gout, kidney stones and kidney failure develop. Atherosclerosis can occur with time. All these diseases mutually reinforce each other.
Attacks of kidney stones are the first manifestation of gout. The disease is revealed after the examination of the patient due to urolithiasis.

Gouty arthritis

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